The sun's mass makes up about 99.86% of the entire mass of the solar system.
The sun has the mind-boggling mass of approximately 1,989,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000 kg (one nonillion, nine hundred eighty nine octillion kilograms). This is extremely close to the mass of the solar system as a whole. In contrast, the largest planet, Jupiter, with its mass of about 1,899,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000 kg (one octillion eight hundred ninety-nine septillion kilograms), makes up a teeny-tiny 0.09% of the solar system!
It takes just under 10 minutes for sunlight to reach the Earth.
Because the Earth is millions of kilometers away from the Sun, the photons, or particles of light, emitted by the Sun take about 500 s to reach Earth through the vacuum of space. That means that the sun we're looking at is actually how the Sun looked several minutes ago!
The sun is about half out of fuel.
The Sun has already burned through about half of its total supply of hydrogen (H). When it runs out, it will become a red giant and expand to a size so enormous that it will completely engulf all the planets in the solar system. About 1 billion years later, it will then transform into a white dwarf. But not to worry— this entire process should take another 7-8 billion years or so.
The Sun emits supersonic solar winds.
The Sun emits extremely hot and high-energy ejections of plasma that can travel through space at up to 1.440 million kph. The Aurora Borealis and Aurora Australis, or northern and southern lights are caused by the interactions of the Sun's solar winds with Earth's atmosphere.
Over 1 million Earths could fit inside of the Sun.
The Sun is so enormous that about 1.3 million planet Earths could fit inside of it, by volume. Even in the case of Jupiter, the largest planet in the solar system, about 1,000 Jupiters could fit inside the Sun.
The surface of the sun is more extreme than a nuclear war zone.
The extremely strong force of gravity created by the sun is constantly causing its own atoms to squeeze together. When two of the sun's hydrogen atoms are crushed together with enough energy, a nuclear reaction called fusion takes place, fusing the atoms together to form a single helium (He) atom. This reaction releases even more incredible amounts of energy being released—a single solar flare can release the energy equivalent of 100 atomic bombs exploding all at once.