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By aeiffert, 9/6/2018

The Scientific Method


The Scientific Method is the name given to the steps we take when we want to investigate something. It helps us to organize the experiments we perform and the results we observe. These steps can vary, depending on who you ask (your teacher, a textbook, a website...), but the most important are:

  1. Make an observation or find a problem
  2. Ask a question
  3. Make a hypothesis
  4. Test your hypothesis
  5. Make conclusions
  6. If needed, refine your hypothesis and do steps 4-6 again!

This may seem complicated or silly, but a lot of the time, we use something similar to the scientific method without even thinking about it.

For example:

Imagine that you want to go swimming, but you don't have a thermometer and you're afraid the pool might be too cold. It's a bit of a problem then, that the water could be either hot, cold, or anywhere in between. So, you think to yourself and your question becomes, well, "What is the temperature?"

Without realizing that you're designing an experiment, you decide to form a hypothesis that if you dip your toe in the water and it feels cold, then the water temperature must also be cold. So, you test your hypothesis by sticking your toe in the water, and you immediately shout, "Brr!" So, from your miniature experiment, you conclude that the water is too cold, and you decide to go inside and read a book instead, under a nice, warm blanket.


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