Paleontologists can learn a lot from coprolites, including the types of plants or animals that an animal consumed, its digestive processes, and even its health. For example, a coprolite containing remains of undigested plant material might indicate that the animal was an herbivore, while one containing fragments of bone or teeth might suggest that the animal was a predator.
Analyzing coprolites can also provide valuable information about the ecosystem in which the animal lived. By studying the types of plants and animals represented in coprolites, paleontologists can make inferences about the diversity and abundance of species in the environment. In some cases, coprolites can also reveal evidence of ancient parasitic infections, allowing scientists to better understand the prevalence and impact of parasites on ancient ecosystems.